NDC Targets & NCS Mitigation - FAQ

NDC Reduction Target
The emissions reduction target stated in this country’s submitted NDC
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Estimated NDC Emission Reductions
Mt CO2e/yr
Committed emissions reduction in carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e) excluding LULUCF
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NCS Mitigation Potential
Mt CO2e/yr
The emissions reductions available to this country through implementation of 10 NCS pathways
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Potential NCS Contribution to Paris Agreementshow NCS Contribution infohide NCS Contribution info

We show the potential proportion of climate mitigation provided by the restoration and protection of natural systems and improved agriculture management in each country, consistent with the Paris Agreement targets; and then present this alongside this country’s submitted NDC*. If a country submitted both an unconditional and a conditional target the number shown represents the unconditional target. The light green bar represents the total climate mitigation potential of ten climate mitigation pathways without cost constraints. The dark green bar shows the percentage of the total that is considered cost-effective ($100USD/ton CO2 in 2030) based on a globally derived marginal abatement costs.

All NDC data* presented here relies on a range of assumptions due to the different ways countries have expressed their official NDCs. For official information on each country’s NDC, please refer to our sources below.

Mt CO2e/yr
NCS Mitigation Potential
Reduction Target
Maximum Potential
% Cost Effective
(Global MAC)

Mitigation Potential for Selected Pathwaysshow mitigation potential infohide mitigation potential info

The scientific analysis underlying the climate mitigation pathway data presented in the NCS Dashboard considered 20 pathways, however due to data limitations only 10 climate mitigation pathways area available to view at the country scale. The data for the pathways not included in the Dashboard are either not spatially explicit or only exist at a global scale and cannot be disaggregated accurately to the country level. The 10 spatially explicit pathways presented here represent 75% of the total global NCS mitigation potential.

Country level pathway estimates are approximations, based on global datasets, and we encourage regional/national assessments to improve estimates. Pathway estimates do not use official national datasets and/or baseline setting procedures, nor do we use national definitions of accounting pools, therefore our NCS estimates cannot be directly compared with NDCs or results available from national accounting systems.

The 10 pathways not detailed on this website are: Improved (Forest) Plantations, (Forest) Fire Management, Avoided Coastal Wetland Impacts of seagrass and salt marsh, Coastal Wetland Restoration of mangroves, seagrass, and salt marsh, Avoided Grassland Conversion, Biochar, Cropland Nutrient Management, Conservation Agriculture, Trees in Croplands, Grazing –Improved Feed, and Grazing –Animal Management.

Mt CO2e/yr
Max Potential:
% Cost Effective
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