What is the Science?
Natural climate solutions (NCS) include conservation, restoration, and improved management practices across forest, wetland, grassland and agriculture systems that help mitigate climate change.
By 2030, when most countries have committed to reducing their emissions, these natural climate solutions could deliver one third of the necessary annual global emission reduction goal. Conserving, restoring and rethinking the way we manage our lands and coasts will have multiple payoffs not only for climate, but also for the plants, animals and people that call Earth home.
Now, more than ever, it is critical for countries to assess the combined climate mitigation potential of land-use and land-management activities. Taking stock of Natural Climate Solutions in your country is essential for considering NCS as a viable means to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the land sector to achieve committed emission reduction goals agreed to under the Paris Agreement.
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The Science Explained
Natural climate solutions could deliver one third of the annual global emissions reductions by 2030.
A newly realized study analyzed 20 approaches or pathways to mitigate climate change through land use and management, which avoid emissions and enhance sequestration across global forests, wetlands, grasslands and agricultural lands and found that NCS activities can cost effectively reduce the global concentration of atmospheric of carbon dioxide by 11.3 gigatones per year.