- A growing movement for people and nature – Governments, businesses, civil society groups, scientists, educators and concerned people – everywhere – are building a movement to integrate nature in all decision-making processes, at all levels, in all parts of life.
- Countries are waking up to nature’s potential: More than 30 countries representing over a third of the world’s population have responded to a call from China and New Zealand to increase support for nature-based solutions.
- Benefits are already being delivered: Almost 200 existing nature-based initiatives from around the world were submitted as part of China and New Zealand’s call to action.
- China is emerging as a champion for nature: China has emerged as a champion for nature-based solutions to climate change — not only by promoting some of the successes they’ve made at home, but also by actively recruiting other nations to step up their support for nature.
- Innovation is happening: More than a third of the events of Climate Week focus on nature-based solutions, demonstrating the huge amount of innovation and progress taking place on the ground.
- Decade of restoration: Nature is an essential tool for addressing the threats to climate, biodiversity and sustainable development in the coming decade. The reality of this is sinking in and the politics are shifting to launch a decade of restoration in 2020.
- We need #naturenow: Governments, businesses, civil society and members of the public need to rally together to protect, restore and fund nature-based solutions.
- The NBS Coalition has expanded to 32 countries plus the EU Commission, and 8 private sector groups and coalitions, and 21 civil society organizations and coalitions. (Details at the end.)
- A new alliance for forests was announced by President Macron along with Colombia’s Ivan Duque and Chile’s Sebastian Piñera, to protect the Amazon and other tropical forests with support from Germany, Norway, Peru and Conservation International. The plan, officially launched on the margins of the UN General Assembly, includes aid by international donors, such as $100 million (90.7 million euros) from the French government and $20 million from Conservation International.
- The Amazon Sacred Headwater Initiative called to permanently protect Permanent protection 74 million acres of tropical rainforests in the headwaters the mighty Amazon River–the Napo, Pastaza, and Marañon River Basins of Ecuador and Peru.
- Costa Rica, the Seychelles, Mozambique, Gabon, the UAE and Monaco committed to a new High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People to protect 30 percent of the planet’s natural systems by 2030.
- Launch of Net-Zero Asset Owner Alliance comprising a group of institutional investors – responsible for directing more than US$ 2.4 trillion in investments – that committed to carbon-neutral investment portfolios by 2050. The Alliance was initiated by Allianz, Caisse des Dépôts, La Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (CDPQ), Folksam Group, PensionDanmark and Swiss Re at the beginning of 2019. Since then, Alecta, AMF, CalPERS, Nordea Life and Pension, Storebrand, and Zurich have joined as founding members.
- The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) launched a new initiative with 19 agriculture-centric companies, as part of a to protect and restore biodiversity within their supply chains and product portfolios. This coalition – named “One Planet Business for Biodiversity” (OP2B) – was formally launched on stage at the United Nations Climate Action Summit by Emmanuel Faber, Chairman and CEO of the global food and beverage company Danone.
- The World Bank and Germany announced the launch of PROGREEN, a new global partnership to boost efforts to stop deforestation; restore degraded lands; improve livelihoods in poor, rural communities; and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Germany is contributing 200 million Euros to kickstart the program.
- The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the World Bank, and several governments announced financial commitments of $790 million and assistance to enhance resilience of over 300 million small-scale food producers in the face of mounting climate impacts.
- Through the Central African Forest Initiative (CAFI), Norway will pay $150 million to Gabon to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and battle deforestation. This makes Gabon one of the first African country to be paid to preserve its rainforest with international funds.
- Five organizations – Global Wildlife Conservation, Rainforest Foundation Norway, UN Development Programme (UNDP), Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and World Resources Institute (WRI) – launched the ‘Forests for Life Partnership’ in recognition of forests as a nature-based solution to climate change and biodiversity protection. The Partnership has committed US$50 million over the next five years to protect the world’s most intact forests and aims to mobilize an additional US$200 million.
- Germany, Norway and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland reiterated their support for REDD+ commiting US$1 billion per year by 2020 or US$5 billion in the period 2015-2020 for countries with ambitious plans to halt and reverse deforestation. The three governments called upon all partners to raise ambition by the end of 2020 to unlock the potential of forests, also stating they stand ready to continue contributing significant funding for forest countries.
- The Faiths for Forests campaign was officially launched to support religious leaders, faith communities and places of worship around the world to get involved in efforts to protect, restore and sustainably manage tropical forests and advocate for the rights of the indigenous peoples and forests communities that are on the front lines of the fight to halt and reverse tropical deforestation.
- United Kingdom: UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced up to £1bn of funding to develop new technologies aimed at tackling climate change in developing countries, as well as £175 million to help protect 1billion people around the world from the effects of extreme weather. Johnson has also trailed plans for a new £220 million fund to save endangered animals such as the African elephant and Sumatran tiger from extinction.
- Pakistan: Pakistan reaffirmed its commitment (as mentioned in their submission to the NBS track) to planting 10 billion new trees in next 5 years. This is on top of the 1.1 billion new trees already planted.
- Ethiopia: Ethiopia has reaffirmed its commitment to continue planting 4 billion new trees a year.
- New Zealand: New Zealand has committed to plant one billion trees by 2028, with 150 million already in the ground. Farming leaders have made their own commitment to cut emissions from food production, and the government promised that over the next 5 years they will collaborate to build systems that every farmer will be able to use to measure, manage and reduce their own farm’s emissions. Ardern further stated that New Zealand would become “the most sustainable food producer in the world.”
- Colombia: Colombia has committed to restoring an additional 300,000 hectares (about 180 million trees) of forest by 2022. And also an additional 900,000 hectares of agro-forestry and sustainable forest management.
- Sierra Leone: Sierra Leone committed to planting 100 million trees by 2023.
- Guatemala: Guatemala aims to restore 1.5 million hectares of forested land by 2022, noting $100 million invested so far.
- Democratic Republic of Congo: DRC committed to stabilize forest cover at 60%%, greater than 64 million hectares.
- Nigeria: Intends to employ youth to plant 25 million trees.
- Barbados: Barbados has committed to plant 1 million trees by end of 2020 (on 166 square miles) and is calling on all bajans, wherever they may be living around the world, to come and help.
- Kenya: In context of Adaptation: NBS include planting 2 billion trees by 2022, instead of 2030. Restore 5.1 million ha of forests as part of African Forest and Landscape Restoration Initiative. Additionally, Kenya will enact a plan to transition from biomass energy to 100% clean cooking fuel.
- Hungary: Hungary stated its goal to increase forest cover by 30% by 2030, which should mean another 6,200 square kilometers of preserved forests.
- Fiji: Fiji is planting 1 million new trees and exploring opportunity to plant 31 million more.
Government members (already part of the coalition before the Summit): China (co-lead), New Zealand (co-lead), Costa Rica, Djibouti, Fiji, Gabon, Iceland, Monaco, Norway, Portugal, Pakistan, Tajikistan.
New governments that signed up to NBS Manifesto: Argentina, Belarus, Croatia, Finland, Germany, Guyana, Haïti, Ireland, Italy, The Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Uruguay, the United Kingdom, and the EU – European Commission.
Private sector: Unilever, Mars, Danone, Coca-Cola, Earth Client, Systemiq Earth, WBCSD and WeMeanBusiness coalition.
International organizations: IUCN, World Bank, Climate & Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) Agriculture Initiative.
Civil society, foundations, research organizations: Conservation International, Wetlands International, Food and Land Use Coalition, Ocean Risk and Resilience Alliance, RARE, WWF, UN Foundation, CIFOR, Ecoshape , Fearless Fund, EDF, Nature4Climate Coalition, ALUS Canada, Isha Foundation, Pacific Institute, WRI, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, The Ocean Unite, Global Resilience Partnership, Environmental Sciences Group of Wageningen University & Research, The Nature Conservancy.
The NBS network includes more than 600 individual members from nearly 40 countries, 50 international organizations and institutions, 100+ civil society organizations, 50 private sector organizations and companies and around 12 Foundations.
Sources about the Nature-based solutions manifesto and initiatives:
- NBS manifesto: https://www.unenvironment.org/engaging-nature-based-solutions-coalition-climate-action-summit
- NBS compendium of initiatives and list of examples: https://www.unenvironment.org/nbs-contributions-platform.