Opportunities for Increasing Ocean Action in Climate Strategies
(Gattuso et al. 2019)
This policy brief provides analysis on a menu of ocean-based measures that can be considered when framing new mitigation and adaptation components of NDCs. Results are packaged in the following four policy clusters:
Decisive: Effective measures to address climate change and reduce climate-related ocean drivers.
Low regret: Measures that provide dual benefits (climate and other cobenefits).
Unproven: Measures that can only be achieved with technological evolution (e.g., carbon capture and storage (CCS), marine bioenergy).
Risky: Measures that require greater public acceptance and international governance (e.g., ocean fertilization and cloud brightening) before any implementation can occur.